[News] Tata Group Rumored to Invite Taiwanese Businesses to Establish Fabs in India, Possibly Partnering with UMC or PSMC

2024-02-21 Semiconductors editor

As reported by Indian media Economic Times, India’s Tata group may collaborate with Taiwanese semiconductor foundries like UMC or PSMC to establish the first fab in India, initially producing mature process chips with a planned monthly capacity of 25,000 wafers. If successful, it would mark Taiwan’s semiconductor industry’s first venture into India.

The report addresses the recent escalation of geopolitical tensions, which has led to India’s issues in local chip manufacturing. Thus, India is reportedly looking for major foundries to establish fabs in India, given its substantial demand for semiconductors.

Although neither UMC nor PSMC has formally announced investments in India, as per the Economic Times of India, Tata Group may collaborate with Taiwanese foundries like UMC or PSMC to establish a semiconductor fab in Dholera, Gujarat, India.

Initially targeting the 65-nanometer mature process, the aforementioned fab is expected a monthly capacity of 25,000 wafers, with plans for future upgrades to 48-nanometer and 28-nanometer processes, supporting the production of GPUs, consumer electronics, and Internet of Things (IoT) applications in the coming years.

According to sources cited by the Economic Times of India, Tata Group has finalized the details of the land for this factory and groundbreaking may occur soon. However, Tata Group’s entry into the 28-nanometer process may take some time as it needs to ensure sufficient orders for mature processes in the Indian market.

PSMC Chairman Frank Huang revealed in early 2023 that he had received an invitation to assist in setting up a plant in India, but he did not disclose the details or the inviting party at that time.

PSMC has yet to announce any investments in India.

Instead, they have partnered with the Japanese company SBI Holdings, Inc. to establish a joint venture for a 12-inch fab in Japan. This venture will be located in the Second Northern Sendai Central Industrial Park in Ohira Village, Kurokawa District, Miyagi Prefecture. It is planned to produce chips ranging from 28 to 55 nanometers, with an initial monthly capacity of 10,000 wafers and an ultimate goal of 40,000 wafers, focusing on the automotive chip market.

UMC has also been reportedly sending representatives to India for inspections and discussions regarding the opportunity to establish facilities there, as disclosed by Indian media in recent years.

However, UMC has yet to take any action to invest in India. Instead, in 2022, the company initiated its strategy to establish a new 22-nanometer fab in Singapore, with plans for completion by the end of the second quarter of this year and mass production slated to begin in early 2025, with an initial monthly capacity of 20,000 to 30,000 wafers.

UMC and PSMC didn’t comment on the matter on February 20th. “UMC does not comment on market speculations.” a spokesperson for UMC said, cited by Economic Times.

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(Photo credit: Tata Group)

Please note that this article cites information from Economic Times, Reuters and Economic Daily News.