NAND Flash price


Weekly Price Update: DRAM Held Steady and NAND Climbed

Compared to last week, there is no notable change in DRAM spot price. It is relatively stable in this week. On NAND Flash, there was a 20%+ growth in NAND Flash wafer contract prices last month, making buyers stock and sellers negotiate the price. It leads a surge in the NAND flash wafer spot price in this week.

DRAM Spot Market

The spot market has not changed noticeably from the previous week, and prices are starting to weaken as more used DDR4 chips are released into the market. Kingston has yet to adjust its module prices, so other module houses are hesitant to raise their prices as well. On the whole, the spot market remains fairly quiet in terms of trading activities, and the general price trend there is relatively flat. The average spot price of the mainstream chips (i.e., DDR4 1Gx8 2666MT/s) rose by 0.99% from US$1.712 last week to US$1.729 this week.

NAND Flash Spot Market

Overall retail sales of NAND Flash have yet to surpass performance of past years, though the growth of more than 20% in contract prices for Flash wafers during November that stimulated aggressive stocking activities among buyers had led to a more adamant approach in sellers’ negotiations, and had prompted 512Gb to surpass US$3 on a continual basis. 512Gb TLC wafer spots have risen by 5.35% this week, arriving at US$3.015.


[News] Module Makers Prepay to Secure NAND Flash Amidst Supply Squeeze and Price Surge

After several quarters of inventory depletion, the NAND market is gradually heating up, and there are concerns of a tighten supply in 2024. During an Investor Meeting held on the 7th, Phison Electronics Corporation, a supplier of NAND flash memory controllers and modules, announced that due to capacity limitations in NAND flash production, NAND supply has become constrained. When entering 4Q23, the company is already facing tighten supply for some of its products. Consequently, Phison plans to prepay its NAND flash suppliers to ensure a stable supply, as reported by CTEE.

Phison noted that its suppliers have been reducing production since the 4Q22, and it has accelerated since the 2Q23. Following three to four quarters of inventory depletion, the NAND market is gradually recovering, leading to a stabilization in NAND prices.

In fact, the strategy of module manufacturers is influenced by NAND flash suppliers. For instance, Samsung has been actively raising NAND prices. After the company initially raised NAND prices by 10% to 20% this quarter, it has decided to continue increasing prices by quarter in 2024. This strategic decision reflects Samsung’s determination to stabilize NAND prices with the aim of reversing the market’s direction in the first half of the upcoming year.

Notably, NAND chips and DRAM account for roughly half of Samsung’s memory chip sales. Simultaneously, while raising prices, Samsung continues to decrease production to control market supply, which, in turn, improves market stability and profitability.

TrendForce previously indicated that with NAND wafer prices leading the increase since August and suppliers adopting a firmer stance in negotiations, Q4 enterprise SSD contract prices are projected to rise by approximately 5~10%. On the client SSD front, as suppliers gain more bargaining power, both high-end and low-end products are expected to increase concurrently, with 4Q23 PC client SSD contract prices projected to rise by 8~13%.

TrendForce’s NAND Flash price analysis released today also highlighted that due to continuous shortages in recent wafer supply, the market has been experiencing rising prices under a shrinking volume. While spot quotations for NAND Flash packaged dies have been oscillating narrowly in quotations on account of the persistently constrained level of visibility in demand.
(Image: Samsung)


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[Insights] Weekly Price Update: DRAM Stalls, NAND Flash on the Rise

In the spot market, DRAM prices are showing a slight divergence from the contract market. Spot demand has decreased, preventing further price increases for DRAM chips. Meanwhile, NAND Flash prices have been rising due to ongoing wafer shortage. However, spot quotations for NAND Flash packaged dies remain stable due to uncertain demand visibility.

DRAM Spot Market

The price trend of the spot market diverges slightly from that of the contract market. Recently, demand has dropped in the spot market. Even though DRAM suppliers and module houses have been passive in offering price concessions, there also has been no noticeable increase in demand. Furthermore, there is growing sentiment in the spot market that waiting for further developments is the best option. Hence, spot prices of DRAM chips have not been able to rise further. As for modules, their spot prices have experienced limited fluctuations because Kingston, as the leading module house, is unwilling to raise quotes due to its high inventory level. The average spot price of the mainstream chips (i.e., DDR4 1Gx8 2666MT/s) rose by 1.69% from US$1.600 last week to US$1.627 this week.

NAND Flash Spot Market

The spot market, due to continuous shortages in recent wafer supply, has been experiencing rising prices under a shrinking volume, while spot quotations for NAND Flash packaged dies have been oscillating narrowly in quotations on account of the persistently constrained level of visibility in demand. Follow ups on market prices can still be seen among products involved in production cuts of suppliers, whereas other products are fluctuating according to market demand. 512Gb TLC wafer spots have risen by 6.94% this week, arriving at US$2.464.


The Spot Price for Both DRAM and NAND Flash Had No Signs of An Upturn in Early September

DRAM Spot Market
Compared with last week, transaction prices in the spot market have generally stopped falling, but there is no sustained upward momentum. Although suppliers and other spot sellers have been firm on prices and are unwilling to make further concessions, the overall transaction volume has continued to shrink because there has been no turnaround in the demand for end products. Further observations are needed to determine the trajectory of spot prices in the future. Nevertheless, TrendForce believes that suppliers will need to further expand the scale of their production cuts in 4Q23 in order to effectively reduce their existing inventories. The average spot price of mainstream chips (i.e., DDR4 1Gx8 2666MT/s) dropped by 0.07% from US$1.451 last week to US$1.450 this week.

NAND Flash Spot Market
Concluded prices have largely leveled to that of last week without dynamics for ongoing increment. Buyers, despite active stocking behaviors seen recently, are no longer following up on prices aggressively under the yet-to-be-improved level of actual end demand. Subsequent spot price trends will require further observation, though TrendForce believes that NAND Flash suppliers would be forced to expand production cuts during 4Q23 so as to further abate their existing inventory. 512Gb TLC wafer spots have risen by 0.63% this week, arriving at US$1.588.


[News] Continued Reduction in NAND Flash Production, Price Recovery Emerging

According to a report from Taiwan’s TechNews, the NAND Flash industry is gradually recovering in pricing as suppliers continue to reduce production. However, achieving a healthy market balance in terms of supply, demand, and pricing is expected to require more time and effort.

Regarding the memory market situation, TrendForce indicates that the reduction strategies for DRAM and NAND Flash by memory manufacturers are expected to continue into 2024. This is especially evident for the heavily loss-making NAND Flash segment. Despite TrendForce’s projection that visibility into consumer electronics market demand for the first half of 2024 remains uncertain, and with general server capital expenditures still weakened by AI server displacement, the memory market is anticipated to exhibit relatively weak demand.

Yet, TrendForce states, due to the low base in 2023 and certain memory product prices having reached comparatively low levels, DRAM and NAND Flash are forecasted to experience year-over-year growth rates of 13% and 16%, respectively.

On the other hand, even with demand picking up, effectively destocking and restoring supply-demand equilibrium in 2024 hinges on suppliers exercising restraint over production capacity. Once suppliers manage their production capacity appropriately, there’s a possibility for a rebound in the average memory prices.

Nomura Securities notes in their report that since late August 2023, NAND Flash prices have seen double-digit increases. This has largely resulted from the escalating scale of NAND Flash production cuts and the downstream inventory for smartphones and related components being low. Additionally, different brands have been launching new products over the past few months.

Citigroup’s recent update on global memory average selling price outlook reveals significant reductions in production volumes, including major memory manufacturers like Samsung. Memory manufacturers are expected to prevent further decline in memory average prices through substantial production cuts, as further decline could threaten the cash cost level of NAND Flash. Therefore, Samsung’s meaningful reduction in memory product production is expected to contribute to stabilizing the average memory selling price in 2023 and laying the groundwork for a stable recovery in the average memory market selling price throughout 2024.

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