[News] Prior to iPhone15 Launch, Haitong Securities Lowers Shipment Estimate

According to a report by Taiwan’s Commercial Times, China’s Haitong Securities has taken the lead in reducing shipment expectations before Apple’s upcoming new product launch next month. The company has lowered the shipment forecast from the initial 83 million units to 77 million units, marking a decrease of 6 million units.

Industry experts point out that lackluster demand in the end market and challenges in the manufacturing process are the main reasons behind the market’s growing skepticism towards iPhone 15 shipment numbers.

Haitong Securities indicates that Apple’s iPhone 15 shipment volume could be revised down to 77 million units. This is primarily due to lower-than-expected yield rates for the CMOS image sensors (CIS) provided by Sony for the periscope lenses. The production bottleneck for iPhone 15 and Plus models is Sony’s 3-layer CIS structure (PD/TX + pixel + ISP), leading to subpar production yields.

Industry experts also mention that the high difficulty in producing the titanium metal frame is attributed to the differing coefficients of thermal expansion between titanium and aluminum. However, this issue can be managed by increasing Foxconn’s production capacity.

The LIPO (Low Injection Pressure Overmolding) screen, on the other hand, faces low yield rates from LG and will need Samsung’s support. Nonetheless, the supply situation for these two components should reach a controlled stage.

Industry sources believe that delays in production for iPhone 15 stem from Sony’s lens sensors, the new titanium alloy frame, and the 1.55mm narrow border screen. However, the primary reason for Apple’s adjustment of iPhone 15’s sales target remains concerns over demand. Both the iPhone 15 Pro and iPhone 15 Pro Max are expected to come with higher price tags, potentially dampening consumer willingness to purchase. The decision to trim production plans prior to the new phone’s release warrants close attention to whether it garners consumer acceptance after hitting the market.


[News] Foxconn Secures Major NVIDIA Order, Leads in AI Chip Base Boards

According to a report by Taiwan’s Economic Daily, Foxconn Group has achieved another triumph in its AI endeavors. The company has secured orders for over 50% of NVIDIA’s HGX GPU base boards, marking the first instance of such an achievement. Adding to this success, Foxconn had previously acquired an order for another NVIDIA DGX GPU base board, solidifying its pivotal role in NVIDIA’s two most crucial AI chip base board orders.

The report highlights that in terms of supply chain source, Foxconn Group stands as the exclusive provider of NVIDIA’s AI chip modules (GPU Modules). As for NVIDIA’s AI motherboards, the suppliers encompass Foxconn, Quanta, Inventec, and Super Micro.

Industry experts analyze that DGX and HGX are currently NVIDIA’s two most essential AI servers, and Foxconn Group has undertaken the monumental task of fulfilling the large order for NVIDIA’s AI chipboards through its subsidiary, Foxconn Industrial Internet (FII). Having previously secured orders for NVIDIA’s DGX base boards, Foxconn Group has now garnered additional orders from FII for the HGX base boards. This expanded supply constitutes more than half of the total, solidifying Foxconn Group’s role as a primary supplier for NVIDIA’s two critical AI chip base board orders.

Furthermore, Foxconn’s involvement doesn’t end with AI chip modules, base boards, and motherboards. The company’s engagement extends downstream to servers and server cabinets, creating a vertically integrated approach that covers the entire AI ecosystem.

(Photo credit: Nvidia)


[News] US Tech Giants Unite for AI Server Domination, Boosting Taiwan Supply Chain

According to the news from Commercial Times, in a recent press conference, the four major American cloud service providers (CSPs) collectively expressed their intention to expand their investment in AI application services. Simultaneously, they are continuing to enhance their cloud infrastructure. Apple has also initiated its foray into AI development, and both Intel and AMD have emphasized the robust demand for AI servers. These developments are expected to provide a significant boost to the post-market prospects of Taiwan’s AI server supply chain.

Industry insiders have highlighted the ongoing growth of the AI spillover effect, benefiting various sectors ranging from GPU modules, substrates, cooling systems, power supplies, chassis, and rails, to PCB manufacturers.

The American CSP players, including Microsoft, Google, Meta, and Amazon, which recently released their financial reports, have demonstrated growth in their cloud computing and AI-related service segments in their latest quarterly performance reports. Microsoft, Google, and Amazon are particularly competitive in the cloud services arena, and all have expressed optimistic outlooks for future operations.

The direct beneficiaries among Taiwan’s cloud data center suppliers are those in Tier 1, who are poised to reap positive effects on their average selling prices (ASP) and gross margins, driven by the strong demand for AI servers from these CSP giants in the latter half of the year.

Among them, the ODM manufacturers with over six years of collaboration with NVIDIA in multi-GPU architecture AI high-performance computing/cloud computing, including Quanta, Wistron, Wistron, Inventec, Foxconn, and Gigabyte, are expected to see operational benefits further reflected in the latter half of the year. Foxconn and Inventec are the main suppliers of GPU modules and GPU substrates, respectively, and are likely to witness noticeable shipment growth starting in the third quarter.

Furthermore, AI servers not only incorporate multiple GPU modules but also exhibit improvements in aspects such as chassis height, weight, and thermal design power (TDP) compared to standard servers. As a result, cooling solution providers like Asia Vital Components, Auras Technology, and SUNON; power supply companies such as Delta Electronics and Lite-On Technology; chassis manufacturers Chenbro; rail industry players like King Slide, and PCB/CCL manufacturers such as EMC, GCE are also poised to benefit from the increasing demand for AI servers.



[News] Apple’s Exclusive AI Order Boosts Revenue via Foxconn’s FII Vietnam Plant

According to the news reports from money.udn, which indicate that Foxconn, the prominent tech manufacturer, has clinched a substantial contract to supply Apple with AI servers, marking a monumental stride into the Apple AI server market. Notably, these servers will be dispatched from Foxconn’s manufacturing facility in Vietnam, positioning it as a pivotal player in Taiwan’s burgeoning AI sector.

While Foxconn traditionally refrains from commenting on individual clients and order specifics, market insiders reveal that Foxconn is not only the foremost assembler of Apple iPhones but also a crucial supplier of data center servers. As Apple charges ahead in the realm of AI applications, necessitating heightened support from AI servers, Foxconn’s stronghold in the AI server market has positioned it as Apple’s preferred collaborator due to its longstanding partnership.

Insiders indicate that Apple’s directive has prompted Foxconn to exclusively ship AI servers to Apple via its subsidiary, Foxconn Industrial Internet (FII), stationed in Vietnam.

Market research firms report that Foxconn currently holds a substantial global server market share of approximately 43%. This prominence not only establishes Foxconn as a manufacturing leader but also as the primary supplier to Amazon, the global cloud services (CSP) frontrunner. Having already supplied AI servers for ChatGPT and NVIDIA, and with primary customer Google rapidly venturing into generative AI, along with Apple’s recent strategic foray, Foxconn is poised for a surge in server business orders.

Apple’s CEO, Tim Cook, recently confirmed Apple’s longstanding involvement in various AI technologies, including generative AI, while emphasizing the current surge of resources into AI development. With Apple’s R&D expenditure rising to $22.61 billion last quarter, experts speculate that a significant portion has been allocated to AI development.

Moreover, international sources report that Apple is discreetly crafting the “Ajax” large-scale language model, potentially heralding the arrival of the generative chatbot “SiriGPT” in the near future. With Apple’s vast user base across the globe, abundant data resources could pose a threat to rivals such as Google and Microsoft.

Industry pundits assert that Apple’s extensive global user feedback from devices like iPhones, iPads, and Macs, combined with the mature ecosystem of the App Store, endows it with a strategic advantage in AI application development. Swiftly advancing AI server and data center deployment could enable Apple to navigate the curve and surge ahead in this competitive race.

Foxconn’s Chairman previously expressed optimism in the growth potential of CSP and AI servers. With Foxconn’s server revenues reaching $1.1 trillion last year, the company’s status as a server manufacturing leader naturally aligns with this burgeoning demand. Industry estimates underscore the dramatic increase in Foxconn’s AI server-related orders, reaching several billion dollars. This positions Foxconn as the definitive victor in the current AI wave, solidifying its place at the forefront of global AI server leadership.



AI Servers: The Savior of the Supply Chain, Examining Key Industries

NVIDIA’s robust financial report reveals the true impact of AI on the technology industry, particularly in the AI server supply chain.

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