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Driven by Global Government Initiatives: A Surge in Public Charging Piles Expected—16 Million by 2026, Tripling 2023 Figures, Says TrendForce

20 September 2023 Emerging Technologies Eric Wang

TrendForce anticipates that by 2026, the global tally of public charging stations will soar to 16 million, marking an impressive threefold increase from 2023 figures. As this unfolds, the global ownership of NEVs—which includes both PHEVs and BEVs—will surge to 96 million. This sets the vehicle-to-charger ratio at 6:1, a significant drop from the 10:1 ratio observed in 2021. Notably, major players like China are paving the way; having set ambitious goals to achieve a vehicle-to-charger ratio of 2:1 by 2030, China is unquestionably a driving force in the global push to reduce this ratio.

Europe is steaming ahead with its net-zero blueprint, targeting the construction of a whopping 17 million charging stations by 2030. America, though, presents a contrasting picture. With a little over 200,000 charging stations currently, the Biden administration aspires to hit the 500,000 mark by 2026. Unfortunately, this will coincide with a projected NEV count of 15 million, exacerbating the vehicle-to-charger ratio to 32:1 Around the same period, Europe and China are projected to sport more modest ratios of approximately 9:1 and 4:1, respectively. Using Europe’s ratio as a yardstick, the US charging infrastructure ambition may need to be bolstered by at least three to four times.

NEV owners globally grapple with a maze of charging standards. Prominent among these are the US standard CCS1 (Combo), the European standard CCS2 (Combo), Japan’s CHAdeMO, China’s GB/T, and Tesla’s NACS standard. Europe and China offer a simpler scenario for their citizens by adhering to a single domestic standard. In contrast, the US is a battleground, with both CCS1 and NACS standards vying for dominance. While adapters provide a temporary bridge between the two, the rapid rise of NACS kindles apprehension among CCS1 aficionados about their future stake.

A diverse array of charging standards across the globe means charging equipment manufacturers must adopt flexible product strategies to cater to different market specifications. Spotlighting Taiwanese firms: Hotron Precision’s charging cables, Longwell’s and SINBOS’s integrated charging systems are all laying tracks across GB/T, CCS1, and CCS2 standards. A feather in the cap for Hotron Precision is its induction into Tesla’s supply chain, while Longwell and SINBON primarily cater to North American charging enterprises. Riding the wave, following proclamations by giants like Ford, GM, and Volvo favoring the NACS standard in North America, charging station behemoths like Zerova and LITEON have thrown their hats into the NACS ring.

From 2025, the landscape will shift dramatically as countries step on the gas to phase out gasoline-fueled vehicles. While the ramp-up of charging station infrastructure still lags, auto giants are bracing themselves to spearhead the charging station market boom. Case in point: Titans like GM, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, HONDA, Hyundai-Kia, and Stellantis are joining forces to spin off dedicated charging infrastructure companies. Furthermore, TrendForce offers a nugget of advice for Taiwanese manufacturers: to stay ahead of the curve and serve North American clientele more effectively, consider setting up shop locally. With Pegatron and Delta Electronics already marking their territory in Texas, the focus for Taiwanese firms should be on nimbleness and adaptability, ensuring they remain unshackled by a single standard.

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