Search Results

Search Results

keyword


Sort by


Date Range

Resource Types


Research Fields


Filter by Keyword(s)




keyword:Bryan Ao14 result(s)

Press Releases
Global NAND Flash Revenue Fell by 24.3% QoQ for 3Q23 as Suppliers Made Large Price Concessions That in Turn Impacted Their Results, Says TrendForce

2022/11/23

Semiconductors

Market intelligence firm TrendForce reports that the whole NAND Flash market was severely weakened by plummeting demand in 3Q22 Because shipments of end products including consumer electronics and servers had been below expectations, the overall NAND ASP fell by 183% QoQ Furthermore, the general economic outlook remained pessimistic, so enterprises across many sectors started to scale back their capital expenditure plans and halted the momentum of their procurement activities Due to this development, the problem of excess inventory eventually spread to NAND Flash suppliers The pressure on suppliers to make sales was ratcheted up dramatically According to TrendForce’s investigation, NAND Flash bit shipments fell by 67% QoQ for 3Q22, and the overall NAND Flash ASP also kept sliding On account of the unfavorable market situation, the NAND Flash industry recorded a total revenue of around US$1371 billion for 3Q22 The QoQ revenue decline reached as much as 243% The ranking of NAND Flash suppliers by revenue saw two notable changes for 3Q22 First, SK Group moved down to third place as it suffered the largest revenue drop among suppliers Its revenue slipped by 298% QoQ to US$254 billion mainly due to the significant deterioration of the demand for PCs and smartphones Its subsidiary Solidigm was also affected by the slowdown in server procurements Previously, servers had a fairly stable demand situation compared with other kinds of end products However, server demand eventually buckled in 3Q22 as result of enterprises cutting capital expenditure and undergoing a period of inventory correction Compared with 2Q22, SK Group (that encompasses SK hynix and Solidigm) posted a drop of 111% in bit shipments and an even steeper decline of more than 20% in ASP The other notable change in the 3Q22 ranking was Kioxia The supplier returned to second place in terms of revenue and market share because it was able to make a gradual recovery from the material contamination incident that had happened earlier this year Even though Kioxia did suffer a significant decline in its ASP due to the slumping demand for consumer electronics, its bit shipments were bolstered by the seasonal stock-up activities of its clients in the smartphone industry and rose by 235% QoQ Taken altogether, Kioxia’s revenue dipped by just 01% QoQ to US$283 billion Owing to Downturn in Both Quantity and Price, Micron Posted Largest Drop in NAND Flash Bit Shipments with QoQ Decline Reaching 21% Other NAND Flash suppliers including Samsung, Western Digital and Micron all posted a considerable QoQ decline in revenue for 3Q22 because of a drop in both price and shipment quantity Again, weakening demand for end products was one of the major reasons behind these suppliers’ poor performances Regarding Samsung, the supplier saw a drop in its enterprise SSD shipments during 3Q22 as server demand slowed down This was a sharp negative turn compared with the situation in 2Q22, when orders related to data centers were propping up enterprise SSD procurements Samsung’s revenue fell by 281% QoQ to US$43 billion for 3Q22 Western Digital’s NAND Flash business were under enormous pressure in 3Q22 as it recorded a QoQ decline in bit shipments and a sharp drop in its ASP All in all, Western Digital’s revenue fell by 283% QoQ to US$172 billion Turning to Micron, an analysis of its memory revenue performance, which encompasses both DRAM and NAND Flash, has revealed that the only the application segment that did well in 3Q22 was automotive memory solutions Micron actually posted a new high for its revenue from automotive memory solutions in that quarter Conversely, its revenue figures related to other memory-related applications, including NAND Flash solutions for data centers, industrial IoT, etc, all exhibited a QoQ drop And because of the poor results for the rest of application segments, Micron’s NAND Flash revenue as a whole registered a steep QoQ decline of 262% to US$169 billion NAND Revenue Will Show a QoQ Drop Again for 4Q22 as Inventory Pressure Continues to Mount and Production Cuts Bring No Immediate Relief Moving into 4Q22, TrendForce believes that with the notable exception of Samsung, most suppliers will be more cautious in planning output following their respective earnings calls for the third quarter To restore balance to supply-demand dynamics as quickly as possible, suppliers will be taking measures such as cutting wafer input and decelerating the pace of technology migration However, the usual demand surge in connection with the year-end holiday sales has failed to materialize this year, and NAND Flash buyers’ passiveness is causing inventory to further accumulate on the supply side As for production cuts, their effect on the market will not be apparent for at least a quarter Hence, prices of NAND Flash products will still be under significant downward pressure in 4Q22, and TrendForce has widened the projected QoQ decline in contract prices to 20~25% in its latest forecast With high inventory and falling prices serving as constraining factors, the NAND Flash industry is also forecasted to post a QoQ decline of almost 20% in its total revenue for 4Q22 For more information on reports and market data from TrendForce’s Department of Display Research, please click here, or email Ms Vivie Liu from the Sales Department at vivieliu@trendforcecom For additional insights from TrendForce analysts on the latest tech industry news, trends, and forecasts, please visit our blog at https://insidertrendforcecom/

Press Releases
Projected YoY Growth Rate of Server Shipments for 2023 Has Been Revised Down to 2.8% as Inventory Adjustments Continue and Companies Curb IT-Related Expenditures

2022/11/22

Semiconductors

Based on the latest data and research, TrendForce has further corrected down the projected YoY growth rate of whole server shipments for 2023 to 28% Three factors are behind this revision First, lead time has started to return to its usual length for most orders related to server components from 3Q23 onward Seeing this, server OEMs and cloud service providers (CSPs) have also begun to correct the component mismatch issue by lowering demand for items that are in excess while maintaining a constant inventory level for items that are still in tight supply This development, in turn, has reduced the flow of server orders going to ODMs Second, the wave of demand that was generated earlier from the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic is dissipating Hence, expansion activities have cooled off noticeably for services such as video streaming, e-commerce, etc Among CSPs, Meta, Google, and ByteDance (TikTok) have lowered their server procurement quantities for next year Lastly, the global economic outlook has remained fairly negative, so companies across most industry sectors have formulated a more conservative expenditure plan and scaled back IT-related spending for next year QoQ Declines in Prices of Server DRAM Modules and Enterprise SSDs for 4Q22 Have Widened to 23~28% as Competition Among Suppliers Intensifies In the server DRAM market, DRAM suppliers are facing greater difficulties in raising sales because buyers have been carrying a high level of inventory during the second half of this year In 3Q22, suppliers did manage to get some buyers to lock in the price for that quarter and the next However, TrendForce believes that further downward corrections to next year’s server shipments have ratcheted up the price competition among suppliers Moving into October, CSPs received even lower server DRAM quotes as suppliers proposed to lock in the price to the end of 1H23 Now, in November, another round of negotiations for “fourth-quarter special deals” has also commenced Due to these developments, QoQ declines in contract prices of server DRAM modules for 4Q22 have enlarged to 23~28% Regarding the enterprise SSD market, orders remained relatively stable for a while However, the increasingly conservative economic outlook and the downward revisions to corporate capital expenditure plans in 2H22 have led to softer demand momentum for enterprise SSDs Moreover, NAND Flash suppliers face rising inventory for enterprise SSDs as the demand for consumer electronics has plummeted Internally, they have been under pressure to find solutions for consuming excess production capacity and meeting their year-end targets Externally, they need to prepare for headwinds such the expected weak demand situation during the low season of 1Q23 and delays in the production ramp-up of Intel’s and AMD’s new server CPU platforms Given these factors, suppliers are compelled to offer larger price concessions on enterprise SSDs even though the contracts for this fourth quarter have already been arranged Due to the new wave of negotiation activities, QoQ declines in contract prices of enterprise SSDs have exceeded the earlier estimation and now come to 23~28% as well For more information on reports and market data from TrendForce’s Department of Semiconductor Research, please click here, or email Ms Latte Chung from the Sales Department at lattechung@trendforcecom For additional insights from TrendForce analysts on the latest tech industry news, trends, and forecasts, please visit our blog at https://insidertrendforcecom/

Press Releases
SSD Shipments through Global Distribution Channels Reached 127 Million Units in 2021, Up 11% YoY, Says TrendForce

2022/10/13

Semiconductors

Affected by tight wafer supply, lead time for SSD controller IC and PMIC components was prolonged to 32 weeks in 2021 All controller IC suppliers generally give priority to supplying NAND Flash manufacturers, so production at module factories could not meet SSD demand in the retail market during that time In 2H21, the supply of SSD-related components improved quarter by quarter and various module manufacturers boosted their SSD shipments in order to upsurge their annual performance According to TrendForce research, SSD shipments through global distribution channels reached 127 million units in 2021, with an annual growth rate of 11% This global SSD ranking is based on the shipment volume of module houses’ own in-house brands in the distribution channel market as a standard for calculation and NAND Flash manufacturers are not included NAND Flash manufacturer supply accounts for approximately 42% of the overall distribution channel market while module factory shipments account for approximately 58% When SSD-related components were hard to come by, NAND manufacturers’ supply chain management occupied a superior position compared to module houses, so NAND manufacturers’ market share in the overall distribution channel market increased compared with 2020 Looking at changes in the global SSD market in 2021, first, SSDs were in short supply due to a shortage of SSD related components in early 2021 and large module houses adopted a limited supply strategy in response as product prices rose This increase in overall profit also prompted more module houses to follow suit Some large module houses obtained support from SSD controller IC manufacturers due to their supply chain advantages, increasing their market share Second, due to an inability to obtain a supply of upstream wafer production capacity in recent years, newly introduced controller ICs from mainland China have become a bottleneck in the supply of SSD controllers for certain Chinese manufacturers Third, the pandemic festers and gaming-related demand remains strong, so the ranking of brands focused on gaming laptop-related products has also moved up The present ranking of SSD module manufacturers maintains a trend of the rich getting richer with the top three in terms of shipments remaining Kingston, ADATA, and Kimtigo Of the top three, only Kingston’s market share moved lower Due to their huge production demand, shipment volume was affected when wafer supply was too limited to meet order lead time The biggest change on this list is Transcend’s ranking rising sharply from tenth place in 2020 to sixth place, as well as newcomers Powev and GIGABYTE Transcend's long-term brand advantage comes from obtaining support from SSD controller IC manufacturers and the company’s shipments have grown significantly as a result In particular, its SSD products are specially designed to meet the needs of Apple's notebook upgrades As Apple's laptop market share grows, demand for relevant Transcend products increased and its SSD shipment market share rose to 5% in 2021 Benefiting from its long-term operation in the high-end gaming market and diversified product solutions, Powev entered the top ten as demand for high-end performance and game-related products retains strong growth momentum Gigabyte also benefited from the company's efforts to expand the supply of game-related components with its motherboard products driving SSD shipments Penetration rate of PCIe specifications continues to rise, global market disposition heralds future growth momentum of various brands The pandemic continuously disrupted the supply of SSDs in 2021 In addition to the supply of SSD controller ICs, a diversified distribution of production centers was also a key factor in enhancing the momentum of shipments Looking to the future, the growth momentum of module factories focused on selling SSD interfaces will gradually shift from SATA to PCIe However, compatibility issues are also more complicated than that of SATA SSDs due to the manifold increase of PCIe interface transmission speeds Providing comprehensive services to assist in SSD product upgrades can enhance brand recognition and continue to boost shipments TrendForce believes, in addition to cost, the ability to provide comprehensive global production and sales services will be an important factor in continuing to increase PCIe SSD shipments in the future Technology of storage products from Chinese enterprises continues to improve, the goal of localizing SSD production in China is just around the corner TrendForce has also observed that in the SSD supply chain, the proportion of localization in China is increasing Especially in controller IC technology, a number of manufacturers have gradually embarked on PCIe controller IC research and development and some module manufacturers have even partnered with Chinese servers to develop enterprise SSDs After Intel started gradually withdrawing from Optane SSD supply, an existing Chinese manufacturer, DapuStor, has already adopted Kioxia XL Flash to launch an alternative solution with similar performance, hoping to capture market orders in this storage class memory (SCM) after Intel's withdrawal The above development clearly shows the role of Chinese manufacturers in the SSD supply chain gaining strength and there will be opportunities in the future to continue seizing market share through upstream and downstream integration For more information on reports and market data from TrendForce’s Department of Semiconductor Research, please click here, or email Ms Latte Chung from the Sales Department at lattechung@trendforcecom For additional insights from TrendForce analysts on the latest tech industry news, trends, and forecasts, please visit our blog at https://insidertrendforcecom/

Press Releases
US Department of Commerce Strengthens Restrictions on China, Future Chinese Server Demand May Face Negative Growth, Says TrendForce

2022/10/12

Semiconductors

Current US sanctions on China have extended their reach to strike at HPC and sectors such as aerospace, automotive market, and military industry TrendForce indicates, the market for high-end computing chips (including CPU, GPU, etc) has borne the brunt of these restrictions at this stage, while those providing related storage such as DRAM and NAND Flash also face potential supply disruption At present, this not only includes domestic companies in mainland China but also extends to related US-based suppliers Among them, server companies that rely on high-intensity computing will face greater scrutiny Impact analysis on server terminal shipments In terms of server terminal shipments, since relevant component suppliers have not yet been able to confirm whether services provided by the four major cloud service providers (CSPs) in China, Baidu, ByteDance, Alibaba, and Tencent, involve military use, before CSPs sign MOUs (memoranda of understanding), component manufacturers may temporarily delay shipments to the Chinese market However, TrendForce believes, due to the fact that current CSP buyers’ component inventories remain sufficient, the short-term impact on global server market shipment performance is relatively low and long-term impact depends on the evolution of the US Department of Commerce's rules Huawei and Sugon, two companies that have received attention at this stage due to the US ban, have previously withdrawn from the x86 server market and turned into cloud business providers and whole server delivery has been transferred to other domestic OEMs and outsourced computing power leasing, so as not to be affected by sanctions However, due to the previous CPU ban, Sugon has turned to AMD to obtain authorization for localized chips, which may be significantly curtailed by this ban In 2022, Sugon's market share in the overall server market will be approximately 23% and 85% of the Chinese market TrendForce believes, it cannot be ruled out that relevant Chinese OEMs may have server products that may be rendered to government supercomputing centers in the future Inspur, H3C, and Lenovo will face more exacting future scrutiny and, if consequences intensify, the mainland Chinese industrial chain may feel direct effects Although commercial servers are not currently on the list of directly restricted items, if friction between the United States and China intensifies in the future, it cannot be ruled out that the US Department of Commerce will add more potentially risky Chinese server OEMs and CSPs onto the UVL list If certification cannot be realized within 60 days of being included in the UVL list, these entities will be included on the entity list The worst case scenario will be a future trend of negative growth in Chinese server demand Since the restrictions enumerated in this ban are primarily concentrated in the HPC field, the greatest factor affecting Sugon is the company largely providing server OEM to government departments including in supercomputers, military aerospace, and government server farms At present, there are 8 national-level supercomputing centers in mainland China and the supercomputer located in the center of Wuxi is the headquarters of China's self-developed chips including the self-developed Sunway TaihuLight As the US Department of Commerce continues to strengthen its sanctions, China's supercomputing technology and domestic research capabilities will be severely damaged in the future Impact analysis on GPU and CPU sectors At present, companies utilizing high-end graphics cards are primarily concentrated in the HPC sector In terms of CSPs, Alibaba and Baidu are the largest companies in mainland China These two CSP companies account for up to 60% of the market share of GPU usage in China Before the previous ban at the end of August, Chinese CSP operators had to submit purchase applications before procurement but they could not apply at all after the ban However, based on the premise that buyer inventory levels on hand remain high and the supply of goods through distribution channels is sufficient, no effect on demand is forecast until 1H23 Nonetheless, it will be a challenge in the long-term Since the ban expressly prohibits supercomputing center applications such as HPC, TrendForce assesses that GPU servers used by supercomputing centers will be directly affected, which accounts for up to 30% of China's GPU market In terms of chip computing performance control, ECCNs 3A090 and 4A090 are newly added sanctioned items and chips with a total processing performance of more than 4,800 (inclusive) calculated by TOPS will be restricted GPUs are usually used to directly assist in performing complex operations Basically, NVIDIA's A100 PCIe Gen4 and AMD's MI250 OAM Module exceed the 4,800 limit With new high computing performance products restricted in the future, development of server acceleration computing in China will take a hit However, the computing performance of most server CPU products is generally lower than the provisions of the ban Only Chinese-made chips such as Tianjin Haiguang face direct restrictions and other CPUs such as Intel and AMD servers will not be subject to prohibition At this stage, Intel and AMD will sign MOUs with relevant mainland Chinese manufacturers to ensure that related products cannot be used in military and supercomputing fields before shipment In today's server CPUs, the computing performance of the commonly used Intel Ice Lake CPU series does not reach the limit imposed by US sanctions Impact analysis on the memory sector At present, Samsung and SK hynix have also suspended their supply of product to Sugon If Sugon can clarify procured memory is not used for supercomputing, domestic server products, etc, the parties will be able to reach a consensus for shipment In the long run, Korean companies are evaluating whether they need a written commitment from each customer to disavow using purchasing memory products in supercomputers Therefore, some memory shipments may be affected before documents are signed The industry generally believes that market inventory remains relatively abundant and there will be no substantial damage to the market in the short term As far as SSD is concerned, the greatest utilization remains in the category of AI/DL (Deep Learning), since most of the data trained from DL must be stored in faster and more convenient SSDs for use in inference scenarios If the suspension of shipments caused by the current ban cannot be rectified by relevant buyer agreements, the development of Chinese server manufacturers in related AI/DL fields may be hamstrung and a calamitous decline in the market penetration rate of enterprise SSDs from international manufacturers cannot be ruled out Impact analysis on the networking sector There are three reasons for a relatively minor impact assessment on the well-connected suppliers in the networking sector First, there are numerous networking suppliers and many of them are in China Since the demand for key components is relatively small, Chinese suppliers should be able to keep up Second, the mainstream process in this field is a mature process and future expansion is less restricted Third, from the perspective of supplier shipments, after foundry assembly, packaging, and testing, there are multiple distribution channels for the circulation of the final product and it will be difficult to determine whether terminals are military use However, from the perspective of long-term impact, there is a high probability that Chinese manufacturers will give priority to China's local supply chain in the future to ensure future supply This move will undoubtedly deepen the resistance of other suppliers' shipments to China, so it is necessary to open up multiple shipping channels to stabilize market share For more information on reports and market data from TrendForce’s Department of Semiconductor Research, please click here, or email Ms Latte Chung from the Sales Department at lattechung@trendforcecom For additional insights from TrendForce analysts on the latest tech industry news, trends, and forecasts, please visit our blog at https://insidertrendforcecom/

Press Releases
Supply-side Inventory Proves Difficult to Dump as Demand Weakens Rapidly, Memory Manufacturers Initiate Rare Production Reduction, Says TrendForce

2022/10/03

Semiconductors

According to a TrendForce investigations, memory pricing began to decline from 4Q21 due to weakening demand for certain consumer electronics Coupled with the impact of rising inflation, the Russian-Ukrainian war, and pandemic policies, demand in peak season was weak, resulting in inventory pressure that has extended from the buyer side to manufacturers In response to the aforementioned situation, Micron announced last week that it would cut production of DRAM and NAND Flash, becoming the first major memory manufacturer to officially reduce its capacity utilization plan In terms of NAND Flash, the market situation is more severe than that of DRAM As the average contract price of mainstream capacity wafers has fallen to their cash cost and is approaching the periphery of selling at a loss for various manufacturers, Kioxia also announced that it will reduce NAND Flash capacity utilization by 30% from October on the heels of Micron’s announcement In terms of DRAM, current contract pricing remains higher than the total production cost of various mainstream suppliers Therefore, compared with NAND Flash, it remains to be seen whether there will be a significant reduction in production In addition to mentioning the slight reduction in capacity utilization in this sector currently, Micron mainly emphasized its sharp downward revision of capital expenditures in 2023 and that the annual growth of DRAM production bits next year will only be around 5% TrendForce believes, according to Micron, to actualize such conservative bit growth means that there is still room for a significant downward revision in capacity utilization and the extent to which Micron's subsequent production reductions are implemented remains to be seen In terms of NAND Flash, Micron originally planned to gradually increase its proportion of 232-layer products from 4Q22 However, with the implementation of the company’s decision to reduce production, Micron's mainstream processes are estimated to remain dominated by 176-layer products in 2023, while wafer starts in legacy processes will also fall Kioxia and WDC originally planned to migrate to 162-layer products starting in 4Q22 but WDC slowed CapEx in 2023 When funding is hard to come by and demand visibility poor, the proportion of 162-layer products will fall greatly and the company’s original plan to replace mainstream 112-layer products in 2023 will not be achieved More manufactures limiting bit output cannot be ruled out as only large-scale production reduction can reverse supply/demand imbalance in 2023 After analyzing 2023 supply and demand in the memory market, due to a conservative demand outlook, DRAM and NAND Flash look to be greatly oversupplied in each quarter and inventory pressure will continue to accelerate in 1H23 In the DRAM sector, after Micron led the way to announce a DRAM production reduction plan that will fall far below historical levels of supply-side bit growth, the 2023 DRAM Sufficiency Ratio will contract from the 116% previously forecast by TrendForce to less than 10%, helping to alleviate rapidly deteriorating inventory pressure However, more suppliers must be relied on to join in the actual reduction of DRAM production in the future in order to reverse the supply and demand imbalance next year It is imperative to reduce bit supply in the NAND Flash field due to the large number of competitors and the fact that manufacturers have yet to encroach on the physical limits of manufacturing Considering that supply-side bit growth from Micron and Kioxia has been downgraded, the 2023 NAND Flash Sufficiency Ratio will drop significantly from the original estimate of 101% to 56% Under the expectation that more NAND Flash suppliers will join the ranks reducing production due to loss considerations, inventory pressure is expected to ease in the 2Q23, while price declines are expected to diminish in 2H23 For more information on reports and market data from TrendForce’s Department of Semiconductor Research, please click here, or email Ms Latte Chung from the Sales Department at lattechung@trendforcecom For additional insights from TrendForce analysts on the latest tech industry news, trends, and forecasts, please visit our blog at https://insidertrendforcecom/

  • Page 1
  • 3 page(s)
  • 14 result(s)